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Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) has seen a 20 percent increase in membership. Its emboldened base seeks to forcibly unite India under Hinduism despite the country’s great diversity of languages, cultures and religions. Although Prime Minister Modi has publicly said his government will not tolerate religious discrimination, his actions have proved otherwise. Vague policies such as laws forbidding the conversion of Hindus have passed in several Indian states, and the push for a similar federal law has gained support. These state anti-conversion laws have long been used against pastors, church planters and evangelists. Conversely, reconversion ceremonies known as Ghar Wapsi, or “homecoming,” which return Indians to Hinduism (sometimes by force), have become increasingly common. Despite greater government restrictions on Christianity, churches are growing.

Major Religions:

About 80 percent of Indians are Hindus. India is also the birthplace of Buddhism, and more than 10 percent of India’s people are Muslims. The Indian government does not release accurate statistics about its Christian population, so exact figures are not available. There are an estimated 30–70 million Christians in India, but this is no more than a 5 percent minority group within India’s staggering population of nearly 1.4 billion.


The main persecutors are well-organized Hindu extremist groups, local governments and nationalist Hindus who seek to “purify” India by making it entirely Hindu. They seek to appease Hindu deities by eliminating Christians, and they view Christian converts as traitors to the Hindu homeland.

What It Means To Follow Christ In India:

Hindu-nationalist informants live in nearly every village and report on the activities of Christians, resulting in attacks and arrests. When Christians are attacked, they often drop charges against their attackers to show forgiveness as a witness for Christ. Churches have been demolished and burned, worship gatherings have been disrupted, crosses in graveyards have been vandalized, and Bibles and other Christian literature have been confiscated and burned. Many pastors have been beaten and jailed, and several are martyred each year. Christians are often arrested and held for up to three weeks after being falsely accused of forcing Hindus to convert to Christianity. With legal assistance, they are normally able to post bail or show that the charges are unfounded.

Access To Bibles:

Even though India has one of the largest Bible societies in the world, many rural Christians have never had access to a Bible. Bibles remain unaffordable for those who suffer severe poverty resulting from oppression in Hindu- and Muslim-controlled areas. In addition, the remoteness of some areas and widespread illiteracy continue to pose challenges for Bible distribution. Give Bibles

VOM Work:

VOM responds to persecution incidents and supports persecuted pastors and their families as well as front-line workers. We provide Bibles and other practical help to Christians living in India’s most hostile areas. Give to VOM’s Global Ministry

Prayer Requests:

  • Pray for church planters and pastors taking the gospel to unreached people groups.
  • Pray that God will soften the hearts of government leaders and they will come to know Christ.
  • Pray for new converts who are experiencing persecution.
  • Pray that God will change the hearts of persecutors and that they will turn to Christ.
  • Pray for the encouragement of Christians experiencing prolonged persecution.
  • Pray for the many widows whose husbands were martyred for Christ.
  • Pray that believers in India will have access to Bibles and grow in faith.